Tripolis Ancient City

Buldan, Denizli, Turkey


Son Güncelleme: 20 March 2022

Tripolis Ancient City; It was built on a slope by the Menderes River. It is one of the ancient cities that have access to the Aegean and the Çürüksu Plain and valleys in the southeast, with the valleys opening to the west and north, and to Central Anatolia and the Mediterranean. It is 30 kilometers from its contemporary Laodikeia, which was established in the Çürüksu Valley in the south of the city, and 20 kilometers from Hierapolis. In the sources, there are documents that the first name of Tripolis was Apollonia and then it was called Tripolis in the Late Hellenistic Period and that its first establishment was during the Lydian State.

Although Tripolis is among the Lydian cities, it seems to be one of the important border, trade and agricultural centers providing access to Phrygia and Caria regions. It is one of the cities that dominates a large part of the Çürüksu Plain, blessed by the Menderes River and Çürüksu Stream, and is among the richest cities of the region with its establishment style and understanding of urbanism.

Although the first establishment of Tripolis was during the Lydians, the ruins on the surface show architectural features and building examples from the Roman and Byzantine periods. Tripolis Ancient City BC. II. With the end of the century İ.S. In the middle of the first century and in the IV. It was very damaged since it was the scene of many earthquakes and wars in the middle of the century. The city lived its most glorious period in the Roman Period.


Buildings in the Ancient City

Tripolis Theater

It was built in the Greek theater type, suitable for the terrain, and in the Roman architectural style. The theater consists of three parts.

  • Cavea: It is semicircular and divided by three diazomas. Vault exits are located on the upper parts of the cavea and on the sides. Seating levels are made of large marble stones. It has the capacity to accommodate approximately 8 thousand people.
  • Orchestra: With the seating levels and materials of Cavea, it is completely underground.
  • Scene (Stage and Stage Building): The superstructure of the stage building has been demolished towards the interior and exterior parts and is in a dilapidated condition. A small part of the right and left retaining walls of the stage building can be seen on the surface.

Tripolis Bath

It is located on a plain 200 meters west of the Tripolis Theatre. In the late period, it remained outside the city wall that surrounded the city. It is possible to identify five sections from the remains on the surface of the building. There are arch traces between each section, indicating that it was passed through vaults and large niches. It is understood that the infrastructure and walls were completed with cut travertine block stones, and the arches and vaults were completed with the same material. The Hamam is an example of the typical Roman Bath tradition.

City Building

It is located approximately 200 meters south of the bath. The superstructure was completely destroyed. It is a large building measuring 40×65 meters. The foundation walls are very wide. The fortification wall adjacent to the western wall of the building continues. The building shows the Roman architectural character.

Apse Building

It is between the City Hall and the theatre. This name was given because the inner part of the northern wall of the rectangular planned building has an apse. The upper part of the building has been completely destroyed and is in a dilapidated condition.

Castle and Walls

Tripolis was surrounded by walls in the Late Roman and Byzantine Periods. The walls of the city, which was built on a sloping land, were supported by bastions, watchtowers and thick walls. The wall, which continues adjacent to the theater, joins with the tower on the highest hill in the north of the city, is intended for both defense and monitoring the coming danger of the enemy.


Even though the ancient city of Tripolis was established on the edge of the Menderes River, its water requirement was supplied from the source near the Güney District, which is 25 kilometers away from the city. Due to the mountainous and rough terrain between Kaynak and Tripolis, there are traces of watershed, tunnel, pipe and arch traces on this route.


The eastern and southern slopes of the ancient Tripolis City were used as Necropolis.


How To Get To The Ancient City Of Tripolis

Follow the Denizli-Aydin Highway for 25 kilometers. Take the Denizli Salihli road, which splits in the north direction, and continue for another 10 kilometers. Continue 3 kilometers from the road to the north and reach the Yenicekent (Beldesi) District of Buldan District. The ancient city remains in the east and north of this district. There is also minibus transportation from Denizli bus station to Buldan and Yenicekent Mahallesi.

Source: Denizli Provincial Directorate of Culture and Tourism


Updated on March 20, 2022 at 10:47 am
  • Category: Historical Places


Get directions
  • Address: Yenicekent, Tripolis Antik Kenti, Buldan/Denizli, Türkiye

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